Breast milk of course is definitely the absolute best milk for the baby during the first or 2 yrs but if this is difficult there are many alternatives; but what type would you pick?
In days gone by, babies received watered down “carnation milk”, “condensed milk” or cow”s milk; some added “Pentavite” for vitamins, some failed to. Research shows that these particular are certainly not the best choices for babies and may even do harm.
Today in 2010, we are fortunate enough to have infant formula that has been researched, modified and tested and is still researched to supply milk nearest living breast milk. It really is commercially synthesised therefore it can never reach the premium standard of natural breast milk but a minimum of it needs to be much better than what our ancestors used.
Until age of 12 months a baby requires a child formula for optimum digestion and nutrients.
There are many types and brands of milks listed underneath the age types of starter (1), follow on (2) or toddler (3). ‘Starter’ and ‘Progress’ formulas are complete food substitutes but ‘toddler milk’ is like a vitamin in milk form and never a food substitute. ‘Progress’ (2) formulas have added iron and nutrients for increased growth and development requirements however, if the ‘starter’ formula is better tolerated after half a year and solid food continues to be introduced then its not absolutely required to use.
Cow’s milk based infant formula – This is commercially modified cow’s milk to resemble breast milk and it is suitable for most babies. It is not suitable when babies have a cow milk protein allergy, lactose intolerance or have parents who would like to keep away from animal based foods. Some milks have finally been further enhanced with added docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) Omega – 3 fatty acids and prebiotics and probiotics for more immunity and digestion. Research is ongoing for even further refinements.
Goat milk based infant formula – This commercially modified goat milk contains slightly less lactose than cow’s milk using the protein similar to cow’s milk but forms a softer non clustered curd. These facts can make goat milk formula simpler to digest for some babies. It is more rapidly digested therefore can be useful for any baby with reflux.
Soy based infant formula – This milk is commercially created from the soya beans which have similar protein content to cow’s milk. It includes lactose. During processing the protein is isolated without its cofactors needed for digestion and metabolism and therefore will not be a good choice for babies.
Lactose free infant formula (LF)- This milk is generally cow milk based and contains no lactose. This formula may help babies who suffer from excessive wind, explosive poos and unsettled sleep patterns due to lower bowel pain.
Anti Reflux infant formula (AR)- This is usually a cow milk based formula which has been thickened using either carob bean gum or maltodextrin (enzymatically derived from any starch but usually corn or wheat). This thickened milk is for babies who may have difficulty keeping milk down. Depending on the thickening agent used this milk may not be suitable for babies who definitely are lactose or wheat intolerant.
Protein modified cow milk infant formula (HA)- In this milk the cow milk protein has become broken down making it easier for babies to digest and it is an alternative milk for babies that have a primary risk of dairy allergy. Usually do not use when a baby was already subjected to dairy through breast milk or any other formula.
Protein free infant formula – An extensively hydrolysed 100% whey protein specialty formula for babies using a diagnosed dairy protein or soy allergy. Medical supervision is required for babies about this formula and then in Australia is just available by script.
Casein dominant or whey dominant infant formula -Whey and casein are definitely the proteins found in milk. Whey dominant formula is easily the most common on the market, is nearest to breast milk and digested quicker than casein based. Very hungry babies are viewed to accomplish better on casein dominant formula.
After one year the gut of any baby is mature enough to succeed onto cow’s milk or even an alternative including rice milk, oat milk, soy milk, goat milk or toddler milk. These milks are certainly not natural or organic but deciding on a which to use is yours. Babies require full fat milk until at the very least 2 years old.
Goat milk includes a similar protein in a comparable quantity to cow’s milk but forms a softer, non clustered curd and has slightly less lactose, possibly making it simpler to digest. It is more rapidly digested, therefore may be helpful to have an infant with reflux or frequent positing. It is almost always not tolerated by anyone who has a cow milk protein allergy.
Cow milk is actually a nutrient dense food when ingested in their raw organic form (breast milk or unpasteurised milk) unfortunately vitamins and minerals are lost today with the pasteurisation and homogenisation process (heating it to really make it better for people!) Additionally there is a difference in milk produced from relaxed cows grazing in open fields of grasses and flowers to a mass produced commercially fed cow located in overcrowded cement floor stalls. Milk just will not be the identical milk as years past. Lactose free cow’s milk can also be available.
Soya milk is made from soya beans and it has the equivalent amount of protein to cow’s milk it is therefore not tolerated if allergic to cow milk protein. Studies have shown that processed soy can stop the absorption of essential nutritional vitamins such as calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc. The commercial processing involved in isolating the protein in soya beans leaves out your natural digestive and metabolism cofactors, deeming soya milk often difficult to digest.
Rice milk is manufactured out of brown rice, has no lactose and is usually fortified with minerals and vitamins, and is higher in carbohydrate and lower in protein and calcium. An appropriate milk alternative when cow, goat and soy milks have to be avoided.
Oat milk is made from whole oats which makes it higher in fibre than other milks. It is usually calcium fortified and naturally sweet.
Toddler milk is marketed for toddlers 12 months to three years. Yes, it includes added nutrients and iron but when a toddler’s weight loss program is adequate then this milk is unnecessary. It can be useful for any poor eater because it increases iron drsdus their diet plan that can increase their appetite as well as supplying a well-balanced amount of nutrients. Usually do not give greater than the desired milk intake because it is NOT a substitute to food.